Researchers at the Smidt Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinari, Los Angeles, recently discovered that men's blood vessels age at a slower rate than women and published their findings in the JAMA Cardiology Journal.
The researchers gathered four decades of collected community-based data from various locations to perform the analysis, enabling them to analyse approximately thirty-three thousand participants between the ages of five and ninety-eight. The researchers performed sex-specific analyses and analysed about forty-five thousand measurements of blood pressure comparing men to men and women to women. Shortly after, the researchers discovered that a man’s vascular system evolves differently to a woman.
“Smidt Heart Institute researchers have recently discovered that men's blood vessels age at a slower rate compared to women.“
Director of public health research at the Smidt Heart Institute and senior author of the study, Dr. Susan Cheng, stated: "Many of us in medicine have long believed that women simply catch up to men in terms of their cardiovascular risk. Our research not only confirms that women have different biology and physiology than their male counterparts but also illustrates why it is that women may be more susceptible to developing certain types of cardiovascular disease and at different points in life. Our data showed that rates of accelerating blood pressure elevation were significantly higher in women than men starting earlier in life. This means that if we define the hypertension threshold the exact same way, a thirty-year-old woman with high blood pressure is probably at higher risk for cardiovascular disease than a man with high blood pressure at the same age."
Founding Chair of the department of cardiology at the Smidt Heart Institute, Dr. Christine Albert, stated: "Our women's heart health experts have a long history of advocating for adequate inclusion of women in research and the need to both recognise and study sex differences in cardiovascular physiology and disease. This study is yet another reminder to physicians that many aspects of our cardiovascular evaluation and therapy need to be tailored specifically for women. Results from studies performed in men may not be directly extrapolated to women."